The Loch Ness Monster, also known by the name “Nessie” is an aquatic being that was seen in the Loch Ness in the Scottish Highlands. Evidence of its existence is anecdotal. It was brought into the first attention in 1933.
Nowadays, people regard it as a myth or misidentifications of more mundane objects, outright hoaxes, and wishful thinking. The legendary monster has been affectionately referred to by the nickname Nessie since the 1950s.
- The earliest report of a monster in the vicinity of Loch Ness appears in the life of St. Columba by Adomnan, an abbot of Iona, written in the 6th century. According to Adomnán, writing about a century after the events described, Irish monk Saint Columba , with his companions were staying in the land of Pitcs when he encountered local residents burying a man by the River Ness. They explained that the man was swimming in the river when he was attacked by a marine creature which caught him and dragged him underwater. Although they tried to rescue him in a boat, he was dead. Columba sent a follower, Luigne moccu Min, to swim across the river. The beast approached him, but Columba made the sign of cross and said: “Go no further. Do not touch the man. Go back at once. The creature stopped as if it had been “pulled back with ropes” and fled, and Columba’s men and the Picts gave thanks for what they saw as a miracle. Various other sightings were reported the following month.
- On April 21, 1934 a picture of the Loch Ness Monster was published. The picture was captured by Robert Kenneth Wilson but later, it was discovered as a fake on December 7, 1975. It was actually a toy submarine purchased from Woolworth with a fake head and a neck.
- The First photographic evidence of the Loch Ness monster was captured by Hugh Gray on November 12, 1933.
The first organized search team was made in the 1934. Twenty members were given £2 per day. Many search teams were made in the past but they had not much progress. The largest search team was made in 1987, costing £1 million.
Even till date, many people visit the Loch Ness hoping to see the Loch Ness monster or in search of it. In 2009, a man claimed to have found the Loch Ness Monster on Google Earth. Apple Maps have also captured a shadowy shape near the lake’s surface. There have been over 1,000 recorded sightings of the monster, or around 20 a year.
There are some theories explaining about the sightings of the Loch Ness Monster misidentifications of known animals, misidentifications of inanimate objects or effects, reinterpretations of Scottish folklore, hoaxes, and exotic species of large animals.
- Misidentifications of animals
Some believe those who claim to have seen the creature were mistaken and they might have seen a known animal such as an eel, elephant, Greenland sharks, etc. By seeing even a known object or a living creature by far might look different and misleading.
- Misidentifications of objects
Loch Ness, because of its long, straight shape, is subject to unusual ripples affecting its surface. There is a possibility that people were misled by objects stuck in the Loch Ness.
- Exotic species of large animals.
Some tend to believe that it was a plesiosaurus, a long neck marine dinosaur. But it has less possibility that it was a plesiosaurus as it would be seen frequently everyday as well as it requires food supplies beyond what Loch Ness can provide.